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Big Ben

Big Ben, designed by Edmund Beckett Denison and sometimes referred to as the Clock Tower, is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the world.

You ought to include the Clock Tower as one of the "must see" London landmarks.

Here are a few interesting facts about the Clock Tower:

  • Big Ben was built to replace the Old Palace of Westminster, after it was destroyed by fire in October 1834.
  • The clock became operational on 7th September 1859.
  • Big Ben was designed by Charles Barry.
  • The clock and its dials were designed by Augustus Pugin.
  • The first 61 meters of Clock Tower are made up of brickwork and stone cladding and the remainder of tower is made from cast iron.
  • The Tower leans slightly towards northwest, by 8.66 inches.
  • The bell of 'Big Ben' weighs 14.5 tonnes. It is the huge size of the bell that inspired Benjamin Hall to give it the name of Big Ben.
  • The bell of Clock Tower did not stop working even during World War 2
  • The tower is sited on a 15-metre square raft, made of 3-metre thick concrete, at 4 meters below ground level.
  • The four faces of the clock are 55 meters above ground. The interior volume of the tower is 4,650 cubic meters
  • At the base of each clock face is a Latin inscription, in gilt letters. It reads - DOMINE SALVAM FAC REGINAM NOSTRAM VICTORIAM PRIMAM, which means "O Lord, keep safe our Queen Victoria the First".
  • Clock Tower is the focus of New Year celebrations in the United Kingdom, with radio and TV stations tuning to its chimes to welcome the start of the year.
  • On Remembrance Day, the chimes of Big Ben are broadcast to mark the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
  • ITN's "News at Ten" opening sequence features an image of the Clock Tower, with the sound of clock's chimes punctuating the announcement of the news headlines. It has done so, on and off, for the last 41 years.
  • When Ayrton light (a small light at the top of the Clock Tower) is lit, it indicates that either the House of Commons or the House of Lords is sitting.
  • Turret clocks seen around the world have been inspired by the look of the Great Clock of Big Ben.

Категория: Устные темы (топики) | Добавил: svena (07.06.2011)
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