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The longest day (Summer Solstice)
Wednesday June 20, 2012 at 7:08 p.m. EDT will mark this year's summer solstice, the exact time when the sun is the farthest north in the sky.

This is the time when the Sun is at its highest or most northerly point in the sky in the Northern Hemisphere and when we receive the most hours of daylight. If you live in the Southern Hemisphere it is the reverse, so you will be having "Winter Solstice.”
 
Also known as "Midsummer” the Summer Solstice gets its name from the Latin for sol (sun) and sistere (to stand still).

Summer Solstice/ Midsummer is steeped in ancient folklore especially in Northern Europe with the most famous place directly related to it being Stonehenge, where the sun has been worshiped for thousands of years. Hundreds of people go there to watch the sun rise on this day.

These stones have stood in Wiltshire for thousands of years and no one knows how they got there. They are not local stone and so whoever placed them there had to somehow transport them over several miles.

Read more:
http://earthsky.org/astronomy-essentials/everything-you-need-to-know-june-solstice-2012
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